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Observed changes and variability of atmospheric parameters in the Baltic Sea region during the last 200 years
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. (AWEP)
2014 (English)In: Climate Research (CR), ISSN 0936-577X, E-ISSN 1616-1572, Vol. 61, no 2, 177-190 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe and exhibits significant climate variability, with influence of air masses from arctic to subtropical origin. By updating and discussing results described in the framework of the BACC project (BALTEX Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin), this study presents observed changes in atmospheric parameters during the last 200 yr. Circulation patterns show large decadal variability with a northward shift of storm tracks and increased cyclonic activity in recent decades with increased persistence of weather types. However, the wind climate shows no robust long-term trends, and is dominated by pronounced (multi-)decadal variability. Near-surface temperatures show continued warming, in particular during spring and winter; this is stronger over northern regions. Up to this point, no long-term trends are detectable for precipitation, although some regional indications exist for an increased length of precipitation periods, and possibly an increased risk of extreme precipitation events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 61, no 2, 177-190 p.
Keyword [en]
Climate, Baltic Sea, BACC
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240343DOI: 10.3354/cr01244ISI: 000343963700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-240343DiVA: diva2:776344
Available from: 2015-01-07 Created: 2015-01-07 Last updated: 2015-01-08Bibliographically approved

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