Prospects for measuring the fuel ion ratio in burning ITER plasmas using a DT neutron emission spectrometer
2014 (English)In: Review of Scientific Instruments, ISSN 0034-6748, E-ISSN 1089-7623, Vol. 85, no 11, 11D825- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The fuel ion ratio n(t)/n(d) is an essential parameter for plasma control in fusion reactor relevant applications, since maximum fusion power is attained when equal amounts of tritium (T) and deuterium (D) are present in the plasma, i.e., n(t)/n(d) = 1.0. For neutral beam heated plasmas, this parameter can be measured using a single neutron spectrometer, as has been shown for tritium concentrations up to 90%, using data obtained with the MPR (Magnetic Proton Recoil) spectrometer during a DT experimental campaign at the Joint European Torus in 1997. In this paper, we evaluate the demands that a DT spectrometer has to fulfill to be able to determine n(t)/n(d) with a relative error below 20%, as is required for such measurements at ITER. The assessment shows that a back-scattering time-of-flight design is a promising concept for spectroscopy of 14 MeV DT emission neutrons.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 85, no 11, 11D825- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240138DOI: 10.1063/1.4890577ISI: 000345646000079PubMedID: 25430238OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-240138DiVA: diva2:776641