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Intron presence-absence polymorphisms in Daphnia
2008 (English)In: Molecular biology and evolution, ISSN 0737-4038, E-ISSN 1537-1719, Vol. 25, no 10, 2129-2139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here, we report 2 novel intron gains segregating in populations ofDaphnia pulex endemic to Oregon. These novel introns do not have an obvious source and are not present in any D. pulex populations outside Oregon, other species of Daphnia that we examined, or any other organism for which sequence data are available. Furthermore, the novel introns are both found in the same gene, a Rab GTPase (rab4), and they appear to differ in their insertion site by one base pair, providing some support to the proto-splice site hypothesis. The rarity of intron-gain polymorphisms is questioned as we discovered 2 events in an initial survey of only 6 nuclear loci in 36 Daphnia individuals. Neutrality tests failed to ascertain a clear selective effect for either intron insertion, and a significant difference in recombination rate was not observed in alleles that contain the novel intron insertion versus alleles lacking it. We conclude that one novel intron insertion segregating at high frequencies inDaphnia populations in Oregon is unlikely to be adaptive and may result from the reduced efficacy of selection in isolated populations of small effective size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 25, no 10, 2129-2139 p.
Keyword [en]
Daphnia, intron insertion, intron gain, intron polymorphism
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-208478DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-208478DiVA: diva2:776870
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2013-10-01 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Scofield, Douglas
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