Bortom det kvantitativa?: Historiska perspektiv på värderingen av natur och kultur
2014 (Swedish)In: Kulturarv i samhällsplaneringen: Kompensation av kulturmiljövärden / [ed] Benjamin Grahn Danielson, Magnus Rönn, Stig Swedberg, Fjällbacka: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014, 21-36 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
This article offers an overview of the development of compensation as a principle in heritage management in Sweden. The principle of compensation first appeared in Swedish law in the Environmental code (Miljöbalken), implemented in 1999. Compensation was to be applied in cases of loss of both natural and cultural values, but was modelled on German natural envi- ronment protection law.
The Environmental code instituted a holistic approach to cultural and natural heritage management in Sweden. However, historially cultural heritage and environmental protection have developed separately. Environmental protection laws were instituted in the beginning of the 1900s; statutory heritage was in place already in the mid 17th century.
Schematically, knowledge about nature and culture belong to two separate fields of knowl- edge that have developed parallelly. They are supported by different scholarly disciplines, generate different conceptual clusters, and are managed by different public institutions and authorities.
Historically, these fields have been dominated by quantitative and qualitative perspectives respectively.It is argued that the current compensation principle in Swedish law builds on quantitave perspectives and in principle implies the substitutability of all cultural and natural values. This has been pointed out in various policy documents on compensation as well as current research.
Finally it is argued that, as an alternative to importing exclusively quantitative perspectives and practices from the management of natural environment values, compensation regula- tions provide an opportunity to instead include qualitive perspectives in the management of both cultural and natural values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fjällbacka: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 21-36 p.
Compensation, cultural heritage, natural environment protection, nature/culture, heritage management, heritage discourse, environmental discourse
History of Ideas
Research subject History of Sciences and Ideas
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241199ISBN: 978-91-7595-249-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241199DiVA: diva2:777793