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Vårdbehov hos personer med nydiagnostiserad prostatacancer relaterat till demografiska egenskaper: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patienter med cancer kan ha begränsade resurser att själva tillgodose sina behov. Tidigare studier, utförda utanför Sverige, visar att demografiska faktorer kan påverka patienter med prostatacancer avseende vårdbehov. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka skillnader i vårdbehov hos patienter med nydiagnostiserad prostatacancer beroende på demografiska variabler i Sverige. Demografiska variabler som har studerats i denna studie var ålder, utbildningsnivå och civilstånd.

Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie med deskriptiv- och jämförande metod genomfördes. Två frågeformulär användes: Supportive Care Needs Survey long form (SCNS-LF59), som studerade vårdbehov hos patienter med nydiagnostiserad prostatacancer samt ett bakgrundsformulär som behandlade demografiska variabler som ålder, civilstånd och utbildningsnivå. 1706 enkäter skickades ut och 725 svar inkom (svarsfrekvens 42 %).

Resultat: Resultatet av denna studie visade att vårdbehovet hos patienter med nydiagnostiserad prostatacancer var lågt. Den största skillnaden avseende vårdbehov sågs mellan deltagare med grundskole-/gymnasieutbildning och deltagare med universitetsutbildning. Skillnaden rörde variablerna behov av hälsoinformation, behov av stöd och fysiologiska behov.

Slutsats: Resultatet tyder på att vården behöver bli mer individualiserad för att uppnå jämlik vård. Mer forskning behövs dock inom området innan större slutsatser kan dras.

 

Abstract [en]

Background: Patients with cancer might have limited resources to meet their own needs. Previous studies, conducted outside Sweden, shows that demographic factors may influence prostate cancer patients regarding care needs. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in health care needs among newly diagnosed patients with prostate cancer in association to demographic variables. Demographic variables in this study included age, education level and marital status.

Method: A quantitative cross-sectional study with descriptive- and comparative method was conducted. Two questionnaires were used: Supportive Care Needs Survey long form (SCNS-LF59), which studied the health care needs of patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer and a light form that treated demographic variables such as age, marital status and educational level. 1706 questionnaires was sent out and 725 responses where received (response rate 42%).

Result: The results of this study showed that the need of care among patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer was low. The substantial difference was between participants with primary/secondary education and individuals with university education. The difference regarded the variables need of health information, support needs, and physiological needs.

Conclusion: The results suggest that care giving needs to be more individualized to achieve equitable care. However more research is needed in the field before major conclusions can be drawn.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Prostate cancer, health care need, demographic factors
Keyword [sv]
Prostatacancer, vårdbehov, demografiska egenskaper
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241297DiVA: diva2:778321
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-12 Created: 2015-01-09 Last updated: 2015-01-12Bibliographically approved

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