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Management of patients with sore throats in relation to guidelines: An interview study in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
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2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 32, no 4, 193-199 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To explore how a group of Swedish general practitioners (GPs) manage patients with a sore throat in relation to current guidelines as expressed in interviews. Design. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse semi-structured interviews. Setting. Swedish primary care. Subjects. A strategic sample of 25 GPs. Main outcome measures. Perceived management of sore throat patients. Results. It was found that nine of the interviewed GPs were adherent to current guidelines for sore throat and 16 were non-adherent. The two groups differed in terms of guideline knowledge, which was shared within the team for adherent GPs while idiosyncratic knowledge dominated for the non-adherent GPs. Adherent GPs had no or low concerns for bacterial infections and differential diagnosis whilst non-adherent GPs believed that in patients with a sore throat any bacterial infection should be identified and treated with antibiotics. Patient history and examination was mainly targeted by adherent GPs whilst for non-adherent GPs it was often redundant. Non-adherent GPs reported problems getting patients to abstain from antibiotics, whilst no such problems were reported in adherent GPs. Conclusion. This interview study of sore throat management in a strategically sampled group of Swedish GPs showed that while two-thirds were non-adherent and had a liberal attitude to antibiotics one-third were guideline adherent with a restricted view on antibiotics. Non-adherent GPs revealed significant knowledge gaps. Adherent GPs had discussed guidelines within the primary care team while non-adherent GPs had not. Guideline implementation thus seemed to be promoted by knowledge shared in team discussions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 32, no 4, 193-199 p.
Keyword [en]
General practice, general practitioners, guidelines, qualitative research, sore throat, Sweden
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241429DOI: 10.3109/02813432.2014.972046ISI: 000346108700008PubMedID: 25363143OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241429DiVA: diva2:781489
Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2015-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Gröndal, HedvigAndré, Malin
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