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Severe vitamin D deficiency is associated with frequent exacerbations and hospitalization in COPD patients
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
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2014 (English)In: Respiratory research (Online), ISSN 1465-993X, Vol. 15, 131- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are common and strongly influence disease severity and relative healthcare costs. Vitamin D deficiency is frequent among COPD patients and its contributory role in disease exacerbations is widely debated. Our aim was to assess the relationship of serum vitamin D levels with COPD severity and AECOPD. Methods: Serum vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D) levels were measured in 97 COPD patients and related to lung function, comorbidities, FEV1 decline, AECOPD and hospital admission during the previous year. Results: Most patients (96%) had vitamin D deficiency, which was severe in 35 (36%). No significant relationship was found between vitamin D and FEV1 or annual FEV1 decline. No difference between patients with and without severe vitamin D deficiency was found in age, gender, BMI, smoking history, lung function, and comorbidities, apart from osteoporosis (60.9% in severe deficiency vs 22.7%, p = 0.001). In multiple logistic regression models, severe deficiency was independently associated with AECOPD [adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of 30.5 (95% CI 5.55, 168), p < 0.001] and hospitalization [aOR 3.83 (95% CI 1.29, 11.4), p = 0.02]. The odds ratio of being a frequent exacerbator if having severe vitamin D deficiency was 18.1 (95% CI 4.98, 65.8) (p < 0.001), while that of hospitalization was 4.57 (95% CI 1.83, 11.4) (p = 0.001). Conclusions: In COPD patients severe vitamin D deficiency was related to more frequent disease exacerbations and hospitalization during the year previous to the measurement of vitamin D. This association was independent of patients' characteristics and comorbidities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, 131- p.
Keyword [en]
Vitamin D, COPD, COPD exacerbation, Hospitalization
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241962DOI: 10.1186/s12931-014-0131-0ISI: 000346532600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241962DiVA: diva2:782113
Available from: 2015-01-20 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2015-01-20Bibliographically approved

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