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Quantitative characteristics of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) egg quality throughout the reproductive season
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
2015 (English)In: Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, E-ISSN 1879-3231, Vol. 83, no 1, 38-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Assessment of egg quality is an important aspect in finfish hatchery management, but guidelines for such assessment are scarce, especially for marine fish production. In the present work, potential indicators of egg and larval quality were measured in 39 batches of eggs of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L) throughout the reproductive season. The paternal influence on offspring was minimized by using the same cryopreserved semen for all fertilizations; consequently, maternal effects were emphasized. The progression of the spawning season and ovarian fluid parameters, including pH, electrical conductivity (EC), osmolality, and the amount of fluid were registered. The behavior of the broodfish at egg collection was registered and the eggs were analyzed for cortisol content. Fertilization and hatching rates as well as larvae survival were calculated, and larval standard length and myotome height were measured. Furthermore, the occurrence of major types of larval deformities was registered. The myotome height was significantly (P < 0.05) affected by the spawning season progress. Cortisol content in the eggs was decreasing with the progressing spawning season and correlated positively with the occurrence of yolk-sac edema. The ovarian fluid pH and EC were significantly related to fertilization and hatching rates. High fertilization and hatching success was associated with pH greater than 7.9 and EC less than 2.5 mS/cm. Low fertilization rates (<50%) resulted in further low hatchability from such egg batches. Ovarian fluid EC was significantly and positively related to increased occurrence of yolk-sac edema. High quantity of ovarian fluid in egg batches was associated with reduced egg quality in terms of fertilization and hatching rates and occurrence of yolk-sac edema. A cumulative effect of ovarian fluid pH, EC, osmolality, and quantity explained up to 62% of the total variation in fertilization rates. The findings from the present study indicate that parameters measurable at the initial phase of production, in particular ovarian fluid pH and EC, might have a potential for future use as egg quality indicators in hatchery management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 83, no 1, 38-47 p.
Keyword [en]
Atlantic halibut, Broodstock management, Egg quality, Larval development, Reproduction
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241398DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2014.07.043ISI: 000346218400005PubMedID: 25459032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241398DiVA: diva2:782846
Available from: 2015-01-22 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved

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