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Crustal structure of Damavand volcano, Iran, from ambient noise and earthquake tomography
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Geophysics.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Seismology, ISSN 1383-4649, E-ISSN 1573-157X, Vol. 19, no 1, 191-200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated the shear wave velocity structure beneath the Damavand volcano, Iran, using analysis of Rayleigh wave empirical Green's functions obtained from the cross-correlation of 1-year seismic ambient noise and 26 local earthquakes. After the observed phase, velocity dispersion curves were inverted to obtain phase velocity tomographic maps; the synthetic phase velocity dispersion curves were then estimated for each evenly spaced geographic grid point. Estimated synthetic phase velocities were inverted using the nonlinear damped least-squares inversion method to obtain a quasi-3D shear wave velocity for the study area. Analysis of obtained quasi-3D shear wave velocity model reveals the presence of three distinct low or high anomalies in the upper 5 km. A low-velocity layer (V (S) similar to 2.8 km/s) was observed in the upper similar to 2 km of the crust that includes the sedimentary sequence of carbonate, siliciclastic, and volcanic rocks. According to our results, there is an indication of a high-velocity layer (V (S) a parts per thousand yenaEuro parts per thousand 3.0 km/s) at the depth range of 2 to 5 km, which may indicate the presence of dense, cooled magma. There is a clear indication of intrusion of the low-velocity anomaly/body into the higher velocity layer, in the depth range of approximately 3.0 to 4.5 km. The corresponding low-velocity body is interpreted as a hot magma chamber associated with the young eruption of Damavand. The chamber is located southwest of the crater, which stretches from the west to beneath the Damavand cone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 19, no 1, 191-200 p.
Keyword [en]
Damavand volcano, Ambient noise, Tomography, Shear wave velocity, Low-velocity body
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-241395DOI: 10.1007/s10950-014-9458-8ISI: 000346173700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-241395DiVA: diva2:782861
Available from: 2015-01-22 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Shomali, Zaher Hossein

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