Sources and remediation techniques for mercury contaminated soil
2015 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 74, 42-53 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Mercury (Hg) in soils has increased by a factor of 3 to 10 in recent times mainly due to combustion of fossil fuels combined with long-range atmospheric transport processes. Other sources as chlor-alkali plants, gold mining and cement production can also be significant, at least locally. This paper summarizes the natural and anthropogenic sources that have contributed to the increase of Hg concentration in soil and reviews major remediation techniques and their applications to control soil Hg contamination. The focus is on soil washing, stabilisation/solidification, thermal treatment and biological techniques; but also the factors that influence Hg mobilisation in soil and therefore are crucial for evaluating and optimizing remediation techniques are discussed. Further research on bioremediation is encouraged and future study should focus on the implementation of different remediation techniques under field conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 74, 42-53 p.
Mercury contaminated soil, Mobility, Remediation, Soil washing, Stabilisation/solidification
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-242480DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.09.007ISI: 000346681700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-242480DiVA: diva2:783626