Formation Conditions for Epitaxial Graphene on Diamond (111) Surfaces
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The phase transformation from a non-terminated diamond (111) surface to graphene has in the present study been simulated by using ab initio MD calculations at different temperatures and under various reaction conditions. For strict vacuum conditions, the graphitization process was observed to start at about 800 K, with a final graphene-like adlayer obtained at 2500 K. The C-C bonds across the interface were found to be broken gradually with an increase in temperature. The resulting graphene-like adlayer at 2500 K was observed to chemisorb to the underlying diamond surface with 33% of the initial C-C bonds, and with a C-C covalent energy value of 3.4 eV. The corresponding DOS spectra showed a p-doped character, as compared with graphene.
When introducing H radicals during the annealing process, a graphene-like adlayer started to be formed at a much lower temperature; 500K. The completeness of the diamond-to-graphene process was found to strongly depend on the concentration of H radicals. When introducing a larger concentration of H radicals into the lattice in the initial part of the annealing process, the formation of a free-standing graphene layer was observed to take place at an even lower H concentration and temperature (1000 K).
Diamond, graphene, graphitization, theory, Molecular Dynamics, DFT
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-242877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-242877DiVA: diva2:785297
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, MATCON-238201