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Deklarativt minne hos universitetsstuderande med dyslexi: Undersökning av igenkänningsminne efter oavsiktlig inkodning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Utifrån the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH) antas det deklarativa minnet vara intakt hos personer med dyslexi. Detta styrks av studier som visat att deklarativt minne är intakt eller förstärkt hos barn med SLI eller dyslexi då det undersökts med icke-språkliga minnestest. Personer med dyslexi som genomgår universitetsstudier antas kompensera för sina svårigheter på olika sätt, bland annat med det deklarativa minnet. I denna studie har deklarativt minne undersökts i form av visuellt igenkänningsminne efter oavsiktlig inkodning. Deltagarna utgjordes av 11 universitetsstuderande med dyslexi samt en kontrollgrupp på 26 universitetsstuderande utan dyslexi. Resultatet indikerade ett intakt deklarativt minne hos personer med dyslexi. En trend till att de även har ett förstärkt minne efter 24 timmar jämfört med kontrollgruppen kunde skönjas men var inte signifikant. Prediktionen att deklarativt minne används som kompensation i allmänhet samt för nedsatt läsförmåga kunde inte styrkas. Andra möjliga kompensatoriska strategier och förmågor än deklarativt minne diskuteras.

Abstract [en]

Based on the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH) declarative memory is assumed to be intact in people with dyslexia. This is supported by studies showing that declarative memory is intact or enhanced in children with SLI or dyslexia when examined using non-verbal memory tests. People with dyslexia who undergo university studies are assumed to compensate for their difficulties in different ways, including with the use of declarative memory. This study examines the aspect of declarative memory that is visual recognition memory after incidental encoding. The participants were 11 university students with dyslexia and a control group of 26 university students without dyslexia. The results showed an intact declarative memory in people with dyslexia. A possible trend that they also have an enhanced memory after 24 hours compared with the control group could be seen but was not significant. The prediction that declarative memory is used as compensation in general and for impaired reading skills could not be substantiated. Other possible compensatory strategies and abilities besides declarative memory are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Series
Examensarbete i logopedi, 109
Keyword [en]
dyslexia, the declarative/procedural model, the procedural deficit hypothesis, declarative memory, university students, recognition memory
Keyword [sv]
dyslexi, den deklarativa/procedurella modellen, the procedural deficit hypothesis, deklarativt minne, universitetsstuderande, igenkänningsminne
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-242880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-242880DiVA: diva2:785311
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-02 Last updated: 2015-02-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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