Fattigbyn Långeruder i Kåkinds härad: - En mikostudie av folkutvecklingen mellan 1788-1873
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
In this paper I study the small village Långeruder, situated south west to the city of Hjo. The period I’m investigating is a time period between 1750 and 1850. During that period two major agrarian reform took place, the first 1801 and the second betwen1856 to 1859. My main questions are how this agrarian reform changed the small village Långeruder and developed it to the region as it was supposed to according to the governmental suggestions of different agrarian reforms. To understand the changes I have studied the parish catechetical during the same period, 1788 to 1873. From that study I have collected several data from which I present several charts. This gives me the opportunity to compare data of the development in Långeruder to the major changes in the rest of Sweden.The literature I’m using to expose my theory of the development in Långeruder is mainly to examining the differences among the expression of ownership and tries to give a more nuance way to understand the farmer’s perceived resistance against the agrarian reform. Since the Långeruders' reputation is known as a region full of thieves and poor people I also examined literature who discusses the different opinions about the difficulties of the changes due to the agrarian reform and the fact that the farmers according to that reform were able to own the land they were farming. It also illustrate the reforms that made large farms larger and sometimes turned small village to even smaller farms, impossible to feed on which turn a lot of the poorer farmers to work for grand manors. That was one of the expected developments from the government but a lot of the opponents were afraid that they instead were building a population of proletarian.So did the inhabitant in Långeruder start a riot and stole silver in the fine houses in Hjo? Not at all, in fact I’m surprised they didn’t steal more due to the poor conditions they had to live by. The highest crime rate during this period was 7 % of the population in Långeruder. But I can see a huge population growth, up to 74 % in Långeruder. Most of them arrive in Långeruder during the 1830’s and a lot of them were very large families with a lot of children. Most of the men worked as farmers in some of the grand manors surrounding Hjo community.My conclusion is that the reforms did help to improve some areas to develop and created better farming due to the individual ownership compare to the joint communities that was common before the agrarian reform. But there were also places like Långeruder who instead became the place for poor and outlaws, who created their own way of cope. The lack of notes in the parish catechetical made me wonder if the system they created in Långeruder, where quietly sanctioned by the rest of the population of the community of Hjo. But to really answer that question, the next task should be to investigate more of the opinion in the parish protocols.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 26 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243618OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-243618DiVA: diva2:787734
Subject / course
Sandström, Åke, Professor