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Axel Einar Hjorth – arkitekten som glömdes bort: om Nordiska Kompaniets chefsarkitekt och svensk art déco
Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment.
2008 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Axel Einar Hjorth – the architect who was forgotten : an essay about the head architect of Nordiska Kompaniet and Swedish art déco (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats beskriver möbelarkitekten Axel Einar Hjorths karriär och produktion med fokus på åren 1927-32, hans första sex år som chefsarkitekt på Nordiska Kompaniet. Genom att undersöka några samtida tidskrifter försöker uppsatsen även utröna hur Hjorth mottogs under sin egen tid, samt varför han var förtigen i svenskdesignhistoria så länge.

I uppsatsen ingår flera möbelanalyser vilka syftar till att beskriva Hjorths stil och bredd samt tidens smak. Uppsatsen visar att Axel Einar Hjorth ofta ritade internationellt orienterade möbler i ren art déco, men också stilmöbler, funktionalistiska seriemöbler m.m. Art déco var en stilriktning under mellankrigstiden, men i Sverige talar vi ofta om ”Swedish Grace” eftersom mycket konsthantverk under denna tid fick ett något svalare klassicistiskt uttryck än övriga länders. I Sverige har art décon eller ”Swedish Grace” ofta hamnat i skuggan av funktionalismen, som fick större genomslagskraft. Det är en av anledningarna till att ingen akademisk text tidigare har skrivits om Axel Einar Hjorth.

Abstract [en]

This essay describes the carrier and production of the architect Axel Einar Hjorth, with an emphasis on the years 1927-1932, his first six years as head architect at Nordiska Kompaniet. The essay also tries to inquire into how Hjorth was recieved by contemporary press and explain why he was forgotten about for many years.

The study shows that the furniture designs of Axel Einar Hjorth was very international in it´s style. Instead of calm classicism the furnitures often have strong references to art déco, a style that didn´t grew big in Sweden. The essay includes several furniture analyses where the aim is to show Hjorths versatility. Hjorth designed both art déco furnitures, period furnitures and more modernistic furnitures etc. One of the reasons why so little has been written about Axel Einar Hjorth and art déco in Sweden is that the funktionalism won the debate with it´s socialistic ideas, which made art déco a short-lived style.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Axel Einar Hjorth, Nordiska Kompaniet, art déco, “Swedish Grace”, funktionalism, modernism, furniture design, 1920´s, 1930´s, Stockholmsutställningen 1930, the Barcelona world fair 1929
Keyword [sv]
Axel Einar Hjorth, Nordiska Kompaniet, art déco, ”Swedish Grace”, tjugotalsklassicism, funktionalism, möbeldesign, 1920-tal, 1930-tal, Stockholmsutställningen 1930, världsutställningen i Barcelona 1929
National Category
Art History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-244226OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-244226DiVA: diva2:788121
Subject / course
Art History (HGO)
Educational program
Objects Antiquarian Programme (HGO)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-02-23 Created: 2015-02-12 Last updated: 2015-02-23Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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