The Effects of a GLP-1 Analog on Glucose Homeostasis in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Quantified by an Integrated Glucose Insulin Model
2015 (English)In: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology, ISSN 2163-8306, Vol. 4, no 1, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In recent years, several glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)-based therapies for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been developed. The aim of this work was to extend the semimechanistic integrated glucose-insulin model to include the effects of a GLP-1 analog on glucose homeostasis in T2DM patients. Data from two trials comparing the effect of steady-state liraglutide vs. placebo on the responses of postprandial glucose and insulin in T2DM patients were used for model development. The effect of liraglutide was incorporated in the model by including a stimulatory effect on insulin secretion. Furthermore, for one of the trials an inhibitory effect on glucose absorption was included to account for a delay in gastric emptying. As other GLP-1 receptor agonists have similar modes of action, it is believed that the model can also be used to describe the effect of other receptor agonists on glucose homeostasis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 4, no 1, 1-9 p.
Research subject Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-244286DOI: 10.1002/psp4.11OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-244286DiVA: diva2:788377