A Longitudinal Examination of the Developmental Executive Function Hierarchy in Children With Externalizing Behavior Problems
2015 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, Vol. 19, no 6, 496-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: Using a 4-year longitudinal design, we evaluated two hypotheses based on developmental executive function (EF) hierarchy accounts in a sample of children with externalizing problems. Method: The participants performed EF tasks when they were between 8 and 12 years (M = 9.93), and again approximately 4 years later when they were between 12 and 15 years (M = 13.36). Results: Inhibition in middle childhood predicted working memory (WM) 4 years later. Further, deficits in inhibition and sustained attention were more prominent in middle rather than late childhood, whereas poor WM was salient throughout these periods. Conclusions: These findings support the hypotheses that EFs develop hierarchically and that EF deficits in ADHD are more prominent in actively developing EFs. They also emphasize ADHD as a developmental disorder.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 19, no 6, 496-506 p.
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-244685DOI: 10.1177/1087054713488439ISI: 000354128800005PubMedID: 23676626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-244685DiVA: diva2:789603