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Information following a Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Defect: Experiences among Parents to Prenatally Diagnosed Children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. (Vårdvetenskap)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4141-8692
Institutionen för Kvinnors och Barns Hälsa, Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1619-0171
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. (Vårdvetenskap)
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2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 2, e0117995Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Prenatal screening of pregnant women in Sweden has improved the detection of major congenital heart defects (CHD). The aim was to explore parental experiences and need for information following a prenatal diagnosis of CHD.

METHODS: Semi-structured interviews conducted with six fathers and five mothers to seven prenatally diagnosed children. Data were analyzed through content analysis.

RESULTS: Three themes and 9 categories emerged. Theme 1, Grasping the facts today while reflecting on the future, containing five categories: Difficulties sorting out information when in emotional chaos; Respectful information regarding termination of pregnancy; Early information is crucial; Understanding the facts regarding the anomaly; Preparing for the future. Theme 2, Personal contact with medical specialists who give honest and trustworthy information is valued, containing two categories: Trust in information received from medical specialists and Truth and honesty is valued. Theme 3, An overwhelming amount of information on the Internet, containing two categories: Difficulties in finding relevant information and Easy to focus on cases with a poor outcome when searching the Internet.

CONCLUSION: Early and honest information in line with individual preferences is crucial to support the decisional process regarding whether to continue or terminate the pregnancy. The use of illustrations is recommended, as a complement to oral information, as it increases comprehension and satisfaction with obtained information. Furthermore, the overwhelming amount of information on the Internet calls for compilation of easily accessible and reliable information sources via the Internet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 2, e0117995
Keyword [en]
Congenital heart defects, Interview as topic, Parents, Pregnancy, Prenatal diagnosis
National Category
Nursing Specific Languages
Research subject
Caring Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-244704DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117995ISI: 000350061500089PubMedID: 25692879OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-244704DiVA: diva2:789753
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2015-02-20 Created: 2015-02-20 Last updated: 2016-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson, TommyBergman, GunnarMelander Marttala, UllaWadensten, BarbroMattsson, Elisabet
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Caring SciencesDepartment of Scandinavian LanguagesPediatricsClinical Psychology in Healthcare
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