Hartmann's procedure in rectal cancer: a population-based study of postoperative complications
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Colorectal Disease, ISSN 0179-1958, E-ISSN 1432-1262, Vol. 30, no 2, 181-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hartmann's procedure for rectal cancer patients is increasingly performed but few studies have reported the postoperative outcome. The purpose was to report postoperative complications and analyse risk factors in rectal cancer patients operated with Hartmann's procedure. To describe the selection and postoperative complication patterns, all bowel-resected rectal cancer patients were included. Population-based data were from the county of Vastmanland, Sweden. All rectal cancer patients operated with an elective bowel resection between 1996 and 2012 were included. Demographics and postoperative complications were prospectively registered and data retrospectively analysed. Of the 624 patients included, 396 (64 %) were operated with an anterior resection, 159 (25 %) with an abdominoperineal excision and 69 (11 %) a Hartmann's procedure of which 90 % were low Hartmann's. Patients operated with a Hartmann's procedure were significantly older, had higher ASA-score, poorer WHO performance score and lower serum albumin levels. Operative time for Hartmann's procedure was a median of 49 and 99 min shorter than after anterior resection and abdominoperineal excision, respectively, and entailed less bleeding. Complications related to the pelvic and perineal dissections were more common after abdominoperineal excision compared with anterior resection and Hartmann's procedure (32 vs. 9 and 13 %, p < 0.001). Few rectal cancer patients, operated with Hartmann's procedure, developed pelvic complications despite a higher age, more co-morbidities, metastases in different localities and functional inferiority when compared with the patients operated with anterior resection or abdominoperineal excision. Hartmann's procedure is a valid alternative procedure in the old and frail rectal cancer patient.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 30, no 2, 181-186 p.
Abdominoperineal excision, Anterior resection, Hartmann's procedure, Rectal cancer, Surgery, Pelvic sepsis, Postoperative complications
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-245348DOI: 10.1007/s00384-014-2069-6ISI: 000348222400004PubMedID: 25421100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-245348DiVA: diva2:791438