Posttranslational regulation of Myc function in response to phorbol ester/interferon-gamma-induced differentiation of v-Myc-transformed U-937 monoblasts
1999 (English)In: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, Vol. 93, no 11, 3900-3912 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transcription factors of the Myc/Max/Mad network are important regulators of cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis and are frequently involved in tumor development. Constitutive expression of v-Myc blocks phorbol ester (TPA)-induced differentiation of human U-937 monoblasts. However, costimulation with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and TPA restores terminal differentiation and G1 cell-cycle arrest despite continuous expression of v-Myc. The mechanism by which TPA + IFN-gamma counteract v-Myc activity has not been unravelled. Our results show that TPA + IFN-gamma treatment led to an inhibition of v-Myc- and c-Myc-dependent transcription, and a specific reduction of v-Myc:Max complexes and associated DNA-binding activity, whereas the steady state level of the v-Myc protein was only marginally affected. In contrast, TPA + IFN-gamma costimulation neither increased the expression of Mad1 or other mad/mnt family genes nor altered heterodimerization or DNA-binding activity of Mad1. The reduced amount of v-Myc:Max heterodimers in response to treatment was accompanied by partial dephosphorylation of v-Myc and c-Myc. Phosphatase treatment of Myc:Max complexes lead to their dissociation, thus mimicking the effect of TPA + IFN-gamma. In addition to modulation of the expression of Myc/Max/Mad network proteins, posttranslational negative regulation of Myc by external signals may, therefore, be an alternative biologically important level of control with potential therapeutic relevance for hematopoietic and other tumors with deregulated Myc expression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 93, no 11, 3900-3912 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-51367PubMedID: 10339499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-51367DiVA: diva2:79276