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Depressive symptoms postpartum among parents are associated with marital separation – A Swedish cohort study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
5Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
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2014 (English)In: Depressive symptoms postpartum among parents are associated with marital separation – A Swedish cohort study, 2014Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Aims: To determine whether there is an association between dyadic consensus, depressive symptoms, and parental stress during early parenthood and marital separation 6–8 years after childbirth among couples in Sweden. Methods: At baseline, 393 couples were included. The couples answered three questionnaires including: dyadic consensus at one week post-partum, depressive symptoms at three months post-partum, and parental stress at 18 months post-partum. The parents’ addresses were followed up after 6-8 years to study the marital separation rate. Results: Six to eight years after childbirth, 20% of the couples were separated. Separation was associated with less dyadic consensus (mothers p < 0.001, fathers p < 0.001), depressive symptoms (mothers p = 0.022, fathers p = 0.041), and parental stress (mothers p = 0.002, fathers p = 0.040). The hazard ratio (HR) for marital separation was related to dyadic consensus for fathers (HR, 0.51; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.28--0.92), depressive symptoms for mothers (HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.01--2.84) and fathers (HR 1.92; 95% CI, 1.12--3.28), and parental stress for mothers (HR, 2.16; 95% CI, 1.14--4.07). Conclusions: Understanding how dyadic consensus, depressive symptoms, and parental stress are associated with marital separation is important for health professionals and could be useful in developing interventions to provide parents with adequate support during pregnancy and early parenthood. This knowledge is also important for the public. Parents should get support in pregnancy and while bringing up children, which may help prevent marital separation and optimize conditions for the children.

Key Words: Depressive symptoms, Dyadic consensus, Marital separation, Parental stress, Parenthood

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-246520DiVA: diva2:793603
Conference
14th WAIMH World CongressThe Edinburgh International Conference Centre (EICC), Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-09 Last updated: 2015-03-09

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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