Tidsupplösning vid miljövärdering av fjärrvärme: Kontorsbyggnad med solvärmeproduktion - en fallstudie
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Time resolution in environmental assessment of district heating (English)
The demand for environmental assessments on buildings and energy consumption is increasing as well as the energy performance requirements for buildings. At the same time it is increasingly common with self-producers of heat and electricity generation.
The main purpose with this master thesis is to investigate how time resolution affects the environmental assessment of energy consumption in office buildings connected to district heating (DH). Environmental assessments were done with both attributional LCA and consequential LCA with system expansion.
Fortum´s DH system in Stockholm was analyzed and district heating production was simulated in a Matlab-model. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for the production were calculated. The heat demand of the office Gångaren 16 in Stockholm was simulated in IDA ICE. Thereafter the environmental impact in terms of GHG emissions was calculated with data from the assessment of the DH production.
The results show that the highest time resolution that should be used for environmental assessment of energy consumption in buildings connected to DH is daily average values, regardless of LCA perspective. Moreover, sufficient results are achieved with yearly average values with attributional LCA. The results for consequential LCA with system expansion show that daily and yearly average values are not sufficient. Since peak production is temperature dependent rather than time dependent it is recommended that DH peak production is environmental assessed by temperature in future work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 80 p.
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 15005
Environmental assessment, LCA, district heating, time resolution
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-243040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-243040DiVA: diva2:794280
IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Jönsson, PetraWidén, Joakim