Iatrogenic popliteal artery injury in non arthroplasty knee surgery
2015 (English)In: The Bone & Joint Journal, ISSN 2049-4394, Vol. 97B, no 2, 192-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have investigated iatrogenic popliteal artery injuries (PAI) during non arthroplasty knee surgery regarding mechanism of injury, treatment and outcomes, and to identify successful strategies when injury occurs. In all, 21 iatrogenic popliteal artery injuries in 21 patients during knee surgery other than knee arthroplasty were identified from the Swedish Vascular Registry (Swedvasc) between 1987 and 2011. Prospective registry data were supplemented with case-records, including long-term follow-up. In total, 13 patients suffered PAI during elective surgery and eight during urgent surgery such as fracture fixation or tumour resection. Nine injuries were detected intraoperatively, five within 12 to 48 hours and seven > 48 hours post-operatively (two days to 23 years). There were 19 open vascular and two endovascular surgical repairs. Two patients died within six months of surgery. One patient required amputation. Only six patients had a complete recovery of whom had the vascular injury detected at time of injury and repaired by a vascular surgeon. Patients sustaining vascular injury during elective procedures are more likely to litigate (p = 0.029). We conclude that outcomes are poorer when there is a delay of diagnosis and treatment, and that orthopaedic surgeons should develop strategies to detect PAI early and ensure rapid access to vascular surgical support.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 97B, no 2, 192-196 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246818DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.97B2.34353ISI: 000348613700010PubMedID: 25628281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-246818DiVA: diva2:795141