Subsurface properties and early activity of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko
2015 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 347, no 6220, UNSP aaa0709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Heat transport and ice sublimation in comets are interrelated processes reflecting properties acquired at the time of formation and during subsequent evolution. The Microwave Instrument on the Rosetta Orbiter (MIRO) acquired maps of the subsurface temperature of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, at 1.6 mm and 0.5 mm wavelengths, and spectra of water vapor. The total H2O production rate varied from 0.3 kg s(-1) in early June 2014 to 1.2 kg s(-1) in late August and showed periodic variations related to nucleus rotation and shape. Water outgassing was localized to the "neck" region of the comet. Subsurface temperatures showed seasonal and diurnal variations, which indicated that the submillimeter radiation originated at depths comparable to the diurnal thermal skin depth. A low thermal inertia (similar to 10 to 50 J K-1 m(-2) s(-0.5)), consistent with a thermally insulating powdered surface, is inferred.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 347, no 6220, UNSP aaa0709
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247152DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa0709ISI: 000348225800034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-247152DiVA: diva2:795941