What role are children playing in Disaster Risk Reduction in Bangladesh?: Analysis of case studies of DRR interventions
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Both occurrence and intensity of natural disasters have increased remarkably throughout the globe over the past three decades. Disaster projection indicates that developing countries are the most at hit locations of these natural disasters. Therefore disaster risk reduction is now a priority for many of the developing countries. Poor economic condition and weak infrastructures have increased vulnerability of these densely populated countries. However, among the highly affected population, children constitute a major proportion and they also face highest number of casualty, when on the other hand, these children could act as a potential group in leading disaster risk reduction initiatives. Despite their being most affected group due to disaster, very few disaster risk reduction initiatives consider children as active agents for creating a resilient community and they have rare opportunities to express their views and rarely given place in decision making processes. This is how; their need is not properly addressed in the contemporary disaster risk reduction initiatives. Moreover, there are few researches available on children‟s experiences in disasters, their vulnerabilities, capacities and needs and most of those researches have considered children as passive victims of disasters. This is why, this study attempts to find out what roles children can play in reducing disaster risks and how. The paper portrays the contribution of children to disaster risk reduction initiatives in Bangladesh from the rights based approach by using the Pressure and Release Model and Access Models. This study has taken the child focused disaster risk reduction initiatives of two international organizations i.e. Save the Children and Plan International in Bangladesh. Analyzing the case studies based on these two organizations, the study comes up with its findings and recommendations. The paper primarily attempts to look for facts that whether children can play a role in reducing disaster risks. The findings present that children are not only able to contribute in reducing disaster risks but also are able to create a resilient community. The secondary research interest of the paper is about disaster vulnerability of these children. In this regard findings show that Bangladesh is a disaster prone country by geography and many natural disasters especially floods and cyclones are regular in nature almost every year. Additionally a high percentage of total population live in extreme poverty that is mostly located in that disaster prone locations. Therefore these disasters 3exacerbate circle of poverty where children also share a good proportion. Another research interest of the paper is about the stakeholders who help in child contribution in DRR. It is found that family, friends, community members and local government representatives collectively helped in creating a positive space for children to contribute in DRR. Comparative and contrasting case study analysis was followed for deriving the findings from the case studies were developed and shared by Save the Children, Bangladesh and Plan Bangladesh. Children as an active participant in reducing disaster risks are an issue that found is rare in scientific research. The same research from different dimensions like vulnerability, equality would add more in understanding contribution of children.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 79 p.
Disaster Risk Reduction, Children, Bangladesh
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-247362DiVA: diva2:796050
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
2014-12-16, over skype, 11:30 (English)
Lidén, Lisbeth, PhD
Westerlund, Katarina, Dr.