A prospective study showing long-term infection with human papillomavirus 16 before the development of cervical carcinoma in situ
2000 (English)In: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, Vol. 60, no 21, 6027-6032 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) is a predominant cause of cervical neoplasia. However, no population-based study with long-term follow-up has clarified the temporal relationship between HPV16 infection and occurrence of carcinoma in situ, or the importance of recurrent or persistent infection. This nested case-control study was carried out in a population-based cohort of women participating in cytological screening whose initial smear, taken in 1969-1995, was normal. During up to 26 years of follow-up, carcinoma in situ was diagnosed in 484 eligible women. Archival smears from these women were compared with smears from 619 individually matched controls. After DNA extraction, a highly sensitive PCR system was used to detect HPV16. Among case women, the prevalence of HPV16 positivity was 56% at the time of diagnosis. The relative risk of cervical carcinoma in situ increased from 3.6 (95% confidence interval, 1.2-11.0) 13 years before diagnosis to 11.1 (95% confidence interval, 5.5-22.2) 1 year before diagnosis. Having a positive smear at entry to the cohort increased risk >5-fold, whereas having persistent infection with HPV in two subsequent smears increased risk 30-fold. We estimated that among HPV16-positive women, the median incubation period from infection to carcinoma in situ was 7-12 years. We conclude that evidence of persistent and/or recurrent infection is associated with a drastically higher risk of cervical carcinoma in situ than occasional infection with HPV16.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 60, no 21, 6027-6032 p.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Carcinoma in Situ/epidemiology/*virology, Carcinoma; Squamous Cell/epidemiology/*virology, Case-Control Studies, Cervix Neoplasms/epidemiology/*virology, Cohort Studies, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Mass Screening, Middle Aged, Papillomavirus; Human, Papovaviridae Infections/*complications/epidemiology/virology, Prevalence, Prospective Studies, Research Support; Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support; U.S. Gov't; P.H.S., Risk Factors, Sweden/epidemiology, Time Factors, Tumor Virus Infections/*complications/epidemiology/virology, Vaginal Smears
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-51698PubMedID: 11085523OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-51698DiVA: diva2:79607