Iodine deficiency in a study population of pregnant women in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 94, no 11, 1168-1174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Iodine deficiency in utero may impair neurological development of the fetus. In Sweden, iodine nutrition is considered to be adequate in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate iodine nutrition during pregnancy in Sweden.
Material and methods
In this cross-sectional study, the total study population (n = 459) consisted of two cohorts (Värmland County, n = 273, and Uppsala County, n = 186) of pregnant non-smoking women without pre-gestational diabetes mellitus or known thyroid disease before or during pregnancy. Spot urine samples were collected in the third trimester of pregnancy for median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) analysis.
The median UIC in the total study population was 98 μg/L (interquartile range 57–148 μg/L).
According to WHO/UNICEF/IGN criteria, population-based median UIC during pregnancy should be 150–249 μg/L. Thus, our results indicate insufficient iodine status in the pregnant population of Sweden. There is an urgent need for further assessments in order to optimize iodine nutrition during pregnancy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 94, no 11, 1168-1174 p.
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject Obstetrics and Gynaecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247420DOI: 10.1111/aogs.12713ISI: 000362844400004PubMedID: 26292156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-247420DiVA: diva2:796118