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Sexual and contraceptive behavior among female university students in Sweden: repeated surveys over a 25-year period
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
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2015 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 94, no 3, 253-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ObjectiveTo study female students' sexual and contraceptive behavior and compare these results with earlier surveys. DesignComparative, repeated cross-sectional surveys, started in 1989 and repeated every fifth year. SettingContraceptive counseling delivered at a Student Health Center in Sweden. PopulationFemale university students (n=359). MethodsMultiple-choice waiting-room questionnaire. Main outcome measuresSexual and contraceptive behavior. ResultsIn 1989, age at first intercourse was 17.6years vs. 16.7years in 2014, number of lifetime sexual partners was 4.0 vs. 12.1 in 2014, and number of sexual partners during the previous 12months was 1.0 vs. 2.8 in 2014. Condom use during first intercourse with the latest partner decreased from 49% to 41% (n=172 in 2009 vs. n=148 in 2014: p<0.001), and experience of anal sex increased from 39% to 46% (n=136 in 2009 vs. n=165 in 2014: p=0.038), and 25% (n=41 in 2014) always used a condom during anal sex. A total of 70% (n=251) made use of pornography, and 48% (n=121) considered their sexual behavior affected by pornography. Eighty-nine percent (n=291) wanted two to three children and 9% (n=33) had thought about freezing eggs for the future. The female students' knowledge about increasing age being correlated with decreased fertility varied. ConclusionsSexual behavior among female university students has gradually changed during the last 25years and behavior appears more risky today. As this may have consequences on future reproductive health, it is vital to inform women about consistent and correct condom use and about the limitations of the fertile window.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 94, no 3, 253-259 p.
Keyword [en]
Contraception, female, sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, sexually transmitted infection, unsafe sex
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247374DOI: 10.1111/aogs.12565ISI: 000349603600005PubMedID: 25619646OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-247374DiVA: diva2:796975
Note

Christina Stenhammar och Ylva Tiblom Ehrsson delar förstaförfattarskapet.

Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Stenhammar, ChristinaEhrsson, Ylva TiblomÅkerud, HelenaLarsson, MargaretaTydén, Tanja

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