The transcription factors Sp1 and Oct-1 interact physically to regulate human U2 snRNA gene expression
1996 (English)In: Nucleic Acids Research, ISSN 0305-1048, E-ISSN 1362-4962, Vol. 24, no 11, 1981-1986 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The expression of human small nuclear U2 RNA genes is controlled by the proximal sequence element (PSE), which determines the start site of transcription, and a distal sequence element (DSE). The DSE contains an octamer element and three Sp1 binding sites. The octamer, like the PSE, is essential for U2 transcription. The Sp1 sites contribute to full promoter activity by distance-dependent cooperative interactions with the transcription factors Sp1 and Oct-1. Here we show that purified recombinant Sp1 and Oct-1 bind cooperatively to the DSE and that they physically interact in vitro. Furthermore, we show that Sp1 and Oct-1 interact in vivo using a yeast two-hybrid system. The domain of Sp1 which interacts with Oct-1 is confined to the region necessary for transcriptional stimulation of U2 RNA transcription. This region contains the glutamine-rich activation domain B and a serine/threonine-rich part. The results demonstrate that Sp1, in addition to binding to a number of other factors, also interacts directly with transcription factor Oct-1.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 24, no 11, 1981-1986 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-51916DOI: 10.1093/nar/24.11.1981PubMedID: 8668525OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-51916DiVA: diva2:79825