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Infants anticipate others’ social preferences
Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Max Planck Res Grp Commun Language, Nijmegen, Netherlands. (Uppsala Child and Baby Lab)
Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Max Planck Res Grp Commun Language, Nijmegen, Netherlands.; Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Donders Inst Brain Cognit & Behav, NL-6525 ED Nijmegen, Netherlands.
2012 (English)In: Infant and Child Development, ISSN 1522-7227, E-ISSN 1522-7219, Vol. 21, no 3, 239-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the current eye-tracking study, we explored whether 12-month-old infants can predict others' social preferences. We showed infants scenes in which two characters alternately helped or hindered an agent in his goal of climbing a hill. In a control condition, the two characters moved up and down the hill in identical ways to the helper and hinderer but did not make contact with the agent; thus, they did not cause him to reach or not reach his goal. Following six alternating familiarization trials of helping and hindering interactions (helphinder condition) or up and down interactions (updown condition), infants were shown one test trial in which they could visually anticipate the agent approaching one of the two characters. As predicted, infants in the helphinder condition made significantly more visual anticipations toward the helping than hindering character, suggesting that they predicted the agent to approach the helping character. In contrast, infants revealed no difference in visual anticipations between the up and down characters. The updown condition served to control for low-level perceptual explanations of the results for the helphinder condition. Thus, together the results reveal that 12-month-old infants make predictions about others' behaviour and social preferences from a third-party perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 21, no 3, 239-249 p.
Keyword [en]
social cognition, visual anticipation, eye tracking, infant development
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248545DOI: 10.1002/icd.739ISI: 000304762700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-248545DiVA: diva2:799841
Available from: 2015-03-31 Created: 2015-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Fawcett, Christine

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