uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Socio-economic resources and child under- and over-nutrition: a population-based survey in rural Nicaragua
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH).
Asociación para el Desarrollo Económico y Social de El Espino (APRODESE).
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Internationell barnhälsa och nutrition)
Centre for Health Equity Studies, Karolinska Institute/Stockholm University.
Show others and affiliations
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248697OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-248697DiVA: diva2:800753
Available from: 2015-04-07 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2015-07-07
In thesis
1. Child nutrition in rural Nicaragua: Population-based studies in a transitional society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Child nutrition in rural Nicaragua: Population-based studies in a transitional society
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Emerging favourable as well as unfavourable nutrition patterns are observed in societies undergoing rapid social and economic change. The aim of this thesis is to analyse the associations between household and maternal resources and infant and young child feeding habits and nutritional status in rural Nicaragua, a low-income transitional society.

All households (n=1,500) in Los Cuatro Santos with at least one child (0-3 y) were visited to collect information on feeding of the youngest child. Children´s anthropometry was also measured using standardised World Health Organisation (WHO) techniques. Validated instruments were used to assess household and maternal resources. All instruments had been adapted to the local context and piloted in a nearby community. 

The education of the mother showed more independent variation in the studied outcomes. The odds for exclusive breastfeeding were highest in infants aged 0 to 5 months of mothers with the lowest education. Further, children aged 6 to 35 months with lowest educated mothers were less likely to consume highly processed snacks (HP snacks) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). They were also less likely to be exposed to a double burden of suboptimal feeding (concurrent unmet WHO recommended feeding practices and consumption of HP snacks or SSBs). However, children aged 6 to 35 months were more prone to infrequently meet dietary diversity and to more shortness. Children in the same age group with lower educated mothers were also shorter in households with the lowest housing quality.

Higher level of maternal education contributed both favourably and unfavourably to child feeding and nutrition. This was reflected in more and less frequent practice of the WHO feeding indicators, but also in more frequent children´s consumption of HP snacks and SSBs. Higher maternal education was associated with taller children, even in households with the lowest housing quality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. 65 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1097
Keyword
autonomy, education, feeding practices, food security, nutritional status, social support
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Nutrition
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248702 (URN)978-91-554-9230-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-05-27, Rosénsalen, Entrance 95/96 NB, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, SWE-2008-079
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2015-07-07

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Contreras, MarielaPersson, Lars-ÅkeEkström, Eva-Charlotte

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Contreras, MarielaPersson, Lars-ÅkeEkström, Eva-Charlotte
By organisation
International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH)Department of Women's and Children's Health
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 429 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf