Electron vortex beams prepared by a spiral aperture with the goal to measure EMCD on ferromagnetic films via STEM
2015 (English)In: Ultramicroscopy, ISSN 0304-3991, E-ISSN 1879-2723, Vol. 150, 16-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
X-ray magnetic circular dichroism is a well established method to study element specific magnetic properties of a material, while electron magnetic circular dichroism (EMCD), which is the electron wave analogue to XMCD, is scarcely used today. Recently discovered electron vortex beams, that carry a discrete orbital angular momentum (OAM) L, are also predicted to reveal dichroic signals. Since electron beams can be easily focused down to sub-nanometer diameters, this novel technique promises the possibility to quantitatively determine local magnetic properties with unrivalled lateral resolution. As the spiralling wave front of the electron vortex beam has an azimutally growing phase shift of up to 2 pi and a phase singularity in its axial center, specially designed apertures are needed to generate such non-planar electron waves. We report on the preparation and successful implementation of spiral apertures into the condenser lens system of an aberration-corrected FEL Titan(3) 80-300 transmission electron microscope (TEM). This setup allows to perform scanning TEM (STEM) with vortex beams carrying user-selected OAM. First experiments on the interaction of the vortex beam with a poly-crystalline sample are presented. Within the achieved signal to noise ratio no EMCD signal has been detected. This finding is supported by simulations of inelastic scattering of a beam generated by spiral aperture.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 150, 16-22 p.
Electron vortex beam, Electron magnetic circular dichroism, Orbital angular momentum, Scanning transmission electron microscopy
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-248183DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2014.11.025ISI: 000349674100003PubMedID: 25497492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-248183DiVA: diva2:802325