AR1 is an integral part of the adenovirus-2 E1A CR3 transactivation domain
1998 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 72, no 7, 5978-5983 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have previously shown that the nonconserved carboxy-terminal exon of the adenovirus type 2 E1A-289R protein contains two interchangeable sequence elements, auxiliary region (AR) 1 and AR2, that are required for efficient CR3-mediated transcriptional activation of the viral E4 promoter (M. Bondesson, C. Svensson, S. Linder, and G. Akusjärvi, EMBO J. 11:3347-3354, 1992). Here we show that CR3-mediated transactivation of all adenovirus early promoters and the HSP70 promoter requires the AR1 element. We further show that AR2 can substitute for AR1 only when artificially juxtaposed to CR3. AR1 consists of six tandem glutamic acid-proline (EP) repeats and is positioned immediately downstream of CR3. Genetic dissection of AR1 showed that the number of EP repeats in AR1 is critical for CR3 function. Thus, reducing or increasing the number of EP repeats reduces the CR3 transactivation capacity. Furthermore, the introduction of amino acid substitutions into AR1 suggested that the net negative charge in AR1 is of critical importance for its function as an enhancer of CR3-mediated transcriptional activation. Using an in vitro binding approach, we showed that the AR1 element is not part of the CR3 promoter localization signal mediating contact with the Sp1, ATF-2, or c-Jun upstream-binding transcription factors. Previous studies have suggested that the 49-amino-acid sequence constituting CR3 represents the minimal domain required for E1A-induced activation of viral early promoters. Since AR1 was required for efficient CR3-mediated transcriptional activation of all tested promoters, we suggest that the carboxy-terminal boundary for the CR3 transactivation domain should be extended to include the AR1 element.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 72, no 7, 5978-5983 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-52577PubMedID: 9621060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-52577DiVA: diva2:80487