Altered susceptibility to tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced apoptosis of mouse cells expressing polyomavirus middle and small T antigens
1997 (English)In: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 71, no 1, 276-283 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Infection with some virus types induces susceptibility to the cytotoxic effect of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). To investigate whether expression of polyomavirus proteins has this effect on cells, the TNF-alpha sensitivity of C127 and L929 mouse cells transfected with viral DNA was analyzed. Expression of all three polyomavirus early proteins, the tumor (T) antigens, had no apparent effect. In contrast, middle T antigen by itself induced hypersensitivity to TNF-alpha. This effect was reversed by retransfection of the cells with DNA encoding small T antigen. Expression of this polypeptide also decreased the sensitivity of bovine papillomavirus type 1-transformed cells to TNF- alpha, showing that the protective function of the polyomavirus small T antigen was not strictly linked to a middle-T-antigen-induced event. Mouse and human TNF-alpha had the same effect on normal and transformed mouse cells, suggesting that this effect was mediated by TNF receptor 1. Consistent with this conclusion, all cell clones used in the experiments expressed TNF receptor 1 at similar levels, while we failed to detect TNF receptor 2. The amount of receptor on the cells was not influenced by binding of the ligand. Addition of TNF-alpha at cytotoxic concentrations to cells expressing middle T antigen by itself resulted in significant fragmentation of chromosomal DNA after only a few hours, indicating induction of apoptosis. Addition of the cytokine to these cells also leads to release of arachidonic acid, showing that phospholipase A2 was activated. However, production of arachidonic acid did not appear to significantly precede loss of cell viability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASM , 1997. Vol. 71, no 1, 276-283 p.
Microbiology in the medical area
Research subject Medical Virology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-52583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-52583DiVA: diva2:80493