Evidence for an early appearence ofmodern post switch isotypes in mammalian evolution: Cloning of IgE, IgGand IgA from the marsupial Monodelphis domestica
1998 (English)In: European Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0014-2980, E-ISSN 1521-4141, Vol. 28, no 9, 2738-2750 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In birds, reptiles and amphibians the IgY isotype exhibits the functional characteristics of both of IgG and IgE. Hence, the gene for IgY most likely duplicated some time during early mammalian evolution and formed the ancestor of present day IgG and IgE. To address the question of when IgY duplicated and formed two functionally distinct isotypes, and to study when IgG and IgA lost their second constant domains, we have examined the Ig expression in a non-placental mammal, the marsupial Monodelphis domestica (grey short-tailed opossum). Screening of an opossum spleen cDNA library revealed the presence of all three isotypes in marsupials. cDNA clones encoding the entire constant regions of opossum IgE (ϵ chain), IgG (γ chain) and IgA (α chain) were isolated, and their nucleotide sequences were determined. A comparative analysis of the amino acid sequences for IgY, IgA, IgE and IgG from various animal species showed that opossum IgE, IgG and IgA on the phylogenetic tree form branches clearly separated from their eutherian counterparts. However, they still conform to the general structure found in eutherian IgE, IgG and IgA. Our findings indicate that all the major evolutionary changes in the Ig isotype repertoire, and in basic Ig structure that have occurred since the evolutionary separation of mammals from the early reptile lineages, occurred prior to the evolutionary separation of marsupials and placental mammals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 28, no 9, 2738-2750 p.
Marsupial, IgG, IgE, IgA, IgY, Evolution
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-52599DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-4141(199809)28:09<2738::AID-IMMU2738>3.0.CO;2-IOAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-52599DiVA: diva2:80509