Repression across borders: homeland response to anti-regime mobilization among Syrians in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Diaspora Studies, ISSN 0976-3457, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Within social movement studies, it is often argued that a state’s capabilities of hindering mobilisation can be outmaneuvered through transnational mobilisation. The same way, within diaspora studies, it has been suggested that homeland repression can be avoided through diaspora mobilisation. In both cases, it is argued, activists outside of the target state may put pressure on it without having to fear its repression. Based on the case of Syrian anti-regime activists in Sweden, this article argues that for activists with roots in the target state, this is not necessarily the case. Through surveillance, intelligence reports and threats against both activists abroad and their families still in the state of origin, the target state may continue to hamper and discourage mobilisation abroad. The theoretical idea that so called domestic opportunity structures are territorially contained is thereby questioned and the article argues that homeland repression across borders may explain why some diaspora groups mobilize in order to draw attention to homeland conditions while others, with clear reasons to do so, refrain from such activities. Based on in-depth interviews with 30 Syrian anti-regime activists in Sweden 2012-2014, the article suggests that a third identity category be added to Earl’s (2003) typology of repression, through the distinction between states repressing within their territorial jurisdiction and states repressing outside of their territorial jurisdiction. Transterritorial repression is a problem not only for the individuals affected but also for the states where they reside, as citizens with roots in certain authoritarian states are effectively discouraged from exercising their constitutional rights.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Taylor Francis , 2015. 1-16 p.
repression, transnationalism, oportunity structure, Syria
سوريا السويد مخابرات
Syrien, transnationell mobilisering, förtryck
Research subject Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251377DOI: 10.1080/09739572.2015.1029711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-251377DiVA: diva2:805896
ProjectsUnbound State? The Nation State and the Departed Populations in the Middle East
FunderSwedish Research Council