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Positional Identification of RT1-B (HLA-DQ) as Susceptibility Locus for Autoimmune Arthritis
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 194, no 6, 2539-2550 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with amino acid variants in multiple MHC molecules. The association to MHC class II (MHC-II) has been studied in several animal models of RA. In most cases these models depend on T cells restricted to a single immunodominant peptide of the immunizing Ag, which does not resemble the autoreactive T cells in RA. An exception is pristane-induced arthritis (PIA) in the rat where polyclonal T cells induce chronic arthritis after being primed against endogenous Ags. In this study, we used a mixed genetic and functional approach to show that RT1-Ba and RT1-Bb (RT1-B locus), the rat orthologs of HLA-DQA and HLA-DQB, determine the onset and severity of PIA. We isolated a 0.2-Mb interval within the MHC-II locus of three MHC-congenic strains, of which two were protected from severe PIA. Comparison of sequence and expression variation, as well as in vivo blocking of RT1-B and RT1-D (HLA-DR), showed that arthritis in these strains is regulated by coding polymorphisms in the RT1-B genes. Motif prediction based on MHC-II eluted peptides and structural homology modeling suggested that variants in the RT1-B P1 pocket, which likely affect the editing capacity by RT1-DM, are important for the development of PIA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 194, no 6, 2539-2550 p.
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Other Chemistry Topics Immunology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251421DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1402238ISI: 000350755200013PubMedID: 25672758OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-251421DiVA: diva2:807397
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-17 Last updated: 2016-04-25

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Dobritzsch, Doreen
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