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The role of boost and hypofractionation as adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with DCIS: A meta-analysis of observational studies
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD).
2015 (English)In: Radiotherapy and Oncology, ISSN 0167-8140, E-ISSN 1879-0887, Vol. 114, no 1, 50-55 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to summarize the current evidence on the role of boost and the efficacy of hypofractionated radiotherapy in patients with ductal cancer in situ (DCIS) after surgery and grade the quality of evidence. Materials and methods: A comprehensive systematic electronic search through MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library as well as through the major international congresses' proceedings was conducted. Studies were considered eligible if they investigated the efficacy of hypofractionated vs. standard radiotherapy or the efficacy of boost vs. no boost in patients with DCIS. The outcome of interest was the number of local recurrences. Pooled estimates were calculated by using standard meta-analytic procedures. Results: Thirteen trials were considered eligible and were further analyzed. No difference in the risk of local recurrence was observed between the patients that received boost vs. no boost in the general cohort (12 studies, 6943 patients; Odds Ratio (OR): 0.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.77-1.08, very low level of evidence). However, we found a reduced risk for local recurrence when boost was administered in patients with positive margins compared to no boost (6 studies, 811 patients; OR: 0.56, 95% Cl: 0.36-0.87, very low level of evidence). No difference in local recurrence rate between patients who received hypofractionated versus standard radiotherapy was observed (4 studies, 2534 patients; OR: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.58-1.03, low level of evidence). Conclusion: Hypofractionated radiotherapy seems to be a safe option in patients with DCIS after breast-conserving surgery while the addition of boost reduces the risk for local recurrence in the presence of positive margins. However, the level of evidence for these observations ranges between very low and low and the results of the ongoing randomized trials are necessary to confirm the results with higher level of evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 114, no 1, 50-55 p.
Keyword [en]
DCIS, Radiotherapy, Boost, Hypofractionation, Meta-analysis
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-251690DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2015.01.001ISI: 000350937500009PubMedID: 25596912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-251690DiVA: diva2:807447
Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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