Decreased catalase activity in malformation-prone embryos of diabetic rats
1997 (English)In: Teratology, ISSN 0040-3709, E-ISSN 1096-9926, Vol. 56, no 6, 350-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The risk for congenital malformation is increased in diabetic pregnancy. An excess of radical oxygen species (ROS) in the embryo has been suggested as a major teratogenic mechanism. We have used 2 rat strains, denoted H and U, with different catalase isoenzymes to study if the type of ROS scavenging enzyme may be of importance for the embryonic dysmorphogenesis in diabetic pregnancy. Rats were mated H x H and U x U, and about half of the females had streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Embryos were harvested from female rats on day 11 and day 20 of pregnancy. On day 11, the H embryos showed larger crown-rump length (3.9 mm) than the U embryos (2.9 mm), a difference that remained in the embryos of diabetic rats (3.1 mm and 2.5 mm in the H and U strains, respectively). H embryos displayed higher activity of catalase (1.8 +/- 0.1 U/micrograms DNA) than U embryos (1.1 +/- 0.1 U/micrograms DNA), and the difference increased further when the H and U mothers were diabetic (H: 2.1 +/- 0.2 U/micrograms DNA, U: 0.6 +/- 0.1 U/micrograms DNA). In the day-20 fetuses, diabetes in the mother caused increased resorption rate in both strains (from 3.2% to 10.6% in H rats, from 6.8% to 39.5% in U rats), and high rate of congenital malformations in the U strain (H: 0% malformations, U: 20% malformations). We found a strain-related difference in embryo catalase activity with higher activity in the teratogenically resistant H embryos compared to the malformation-prone U embryos. Provided that this difference between the strains signifies a genetic difference of functional antioxidative importance, the results may suggest that catalase enzyme activity has a protective role in opposing embryonic dysmorphogenesis in diabetic rat pregnancy
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Liss , 1997. Vol. 56, no 6, 350-357 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-52974DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9926(199712)56:6<350::AID-TERA2>3.0.CO;2-#OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-52974DiVA: diva2:80884