Gluing together metallic and covalent layers to form Ru2C under ambient conditions
2015 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 17, no 15, 9730-9736 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ru2C has recently been synthesised at high pressure and high temperature, and was assumed to have a structure with space group P (3) over bar m1. However, subsequent theoretical work has revealed that this structure is unstable under ambient conditions, which motivated us to look for the stable structure. In this work, we explore the structures of Ru2C by using an unbiased swarm structure searching algorithm. The structures with R3m and R (3) over barm symmetries have been found to be lower in energy than the P (3) over bar m1 structure, at the same time being dynamically stable under ambient conditions. These layered structures consist of alternating Ru bilayers and C monolayers in the R3m structure, and alternating Ru tetra-layers and C bilayers in the R (3) over barm structure. The C layers are more evenly distributed and more covalently bound to the Ru layers in the R3m structure than in the R (3) over barm structure. Instead, in the R (3) over barm structure there exists more Ru-Ru metallic bonding, which has a crucial role in diminishing the hardness of this material. Our findings should stimulate further explorations of the structures and properties of the heavy transition metal carbides and nitrides, potentially leading to industrial applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 17, no 15, 9730-9736 p.
Physical Chemistry Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-252266DOI: 10.1039/c4cp05407eISI: 000352270700016PubMedID: 25772905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-252266DiVA: diva2:809769