The paternal allele of the H19 gene is silenced in a stepwise manner duringearly mouse development: the acetylation status of histones mya be involved in the generation of variegated expression patter
1998 (English)In: Development, ISSN 0950-1991, Vol. 125, no 1, 61-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Transcriptional silencing can reflect heritable, epigenetic inactivation of genes, either singly or in groups, during the life-time of an organism. This phenomenon is exemplified by parent-of-origin-specific inactivation events (genomic imprinting) for a subset of mammalian autosomal genes, such as H19. Very little is known, however, about the timing and mechanism(s) of silencing of the paternal H19 allele during mouse development. Using a novel in situ approach, we present evidence that the silencing of the paternal H19 allele is progressive in the trophectodermal lineage during early mouse development and generates variegated expression patterns. The silencing process apparently involves recruitment of histone deacetylases since the mosaic paternal-specific H19 expression reappears in trichostatin A-treated mouse conceptuses, undergoing in vitro organogenesis. Moreover, the paternal H19 alleles of PatDup.d7 placentas, in which a region encompassing the H19 locus of chromosome 7 is bipaternally derived, partially escape the silencing process and are expressed in a variegated manner. We suggest that allele-specific silencing of H19 share some common features with chromatin-mediated silencing in position-effect variegation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 125, no 1, 61-69 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-53127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-53127DiVA: diva2:81037