uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Height, weight and body mass index in adults with congenital heart disease
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 187, 219-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: High BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and, in contrast, low BMI is associated with worse prognosis in heart failure. The knowledge on BMI and the distribution in different BMI-classes in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are limited.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Data on 2424 adult patients was extracted from the Swedish Registry on Congenital Heart Disease and compared to a reference population (n=4605). The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI≥25) was lower in men with variants of the Fontan procedure, pulmonary atresia (PA)/double outlet right ventricle (DORV) and aortic valve disease (AVD) (Fontan 22.0% and PA/DORV 15.1% vs. 43.0%, p=0.048 and p<0.001) (AVD 37.5% vs. 49.3%, p<0.001). Overt obesity (BMI≥30) was only more common in women with AVD (12.8% vs. 9.0%, p=0.005). Underweight (BMI<18.5) was generally more common in men with CHD (complex lesions 4.9% vs. 0.9%, p<0.001 and simple lesions 3.2% vs. 0.6%, <0.001). Men with complex lesions were shorter than controls in contrast to females that in general did not differ from controls.

CONCLUSION: Higher prevalence of underweight in men with CHD combined with a lower prevalence of overweight/obesity in men with some complex lesions indicates that men with CHD in general has lower BMI compared to controls. In women, only limited differences between those with CHD and the controls were found. The complexity of the CHD had larger impact on height in men. The cause of these gender differences as well as possible significance for prognosis is unknown.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 187, 219-226 p.
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-252761DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.153ISI: 000354905600063PubMedID: 25838217OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-252761DiVA: diva2:811296
Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-11 Last updated: 2015-06-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Christersson, Christina
By organisation
Coagulation and inflammation science
In the same journal
International Journal of Cardiology
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 130 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link