Tomographic determination of spent fuel assembly pin-wise burnup and cooling time for detection of anomalies
2015 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
The IAEA has initiated Member States’ Support Program project JNT A 1955 to assess the partial defect detection capabilities of gamma emission tomography (GET) for spent nuclear fuel assembly verification. The GET technique is based on measurements of the gamma-ray flux distribution around a spent fuel assembly using dedicated, tomographic equipment and subsequent reconstruction of the internal source distribution using tomographic algorithms applied on the recorded data. One of the verification objectives identified for the project is the quantitative measurement of pin-by-pin properties, e.g. burnup and/or cooling time, for the detection of anomalies and/or verification of operator-declared data. For this objective, reconstruction algorithms that return quantitative, isotopic pin-by-pin data are applied.
Previously, GET measurements performed on commercial nuclear fuel assemblies in Sweden have proven capable of determining the relative pin-by-pin power distribution with high precision in BWR fuel with short cooling time, based on the measured distribution of the gamma-ray emitting fission product 140Ba/La in the fuel. In the current project, the capabilities of GET to determine additional pin-wise fuel parameters in additional fuel types are being assessed. The evaluations are based on Monte Carlo simulations of the emission of gamma-rays from the fuel and their detection in a tomographic measurement device.
This paper describes the algorithms used for reconstructing quantitative pin-wise data and the results that are anticipated with this technique. It is argued that detailed modelling of the gamma-ray attenuation through the highly inhomogeneous mix of strongly-attenuating fuel rods and less-attenuating surrounding water (wet storage) or air (dry storage) is required to yield high precision in the reconstructed data. The burnup distribution assessment would be based on the recording of 662-keV gamma radiation from 137Cs, whereas the assessment of both burnup and cooling time simultaneously requires the GET measurement and pin-wise reconstruction of at least two isotopes, which puts constraints on the measurement equipment used.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nuclear fuel assemblies; Partial defect verification; Gamma emission tomography; Burnup; Cooling time
Research subject Physics with specialization in Applied Nuclear Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-253303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-253303DiVA: diva2:814076
37th annual ESARDA Symposium
FunderSwedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM2014-94