Improved hemorheological properties during infusion of a lipid emulsion(Intralipid) in healthy subjects
2000 (English)In: Intensive Care Medicine, ISSN 0342-4642, E-ISSN 1432-1238, Vol. 26, no 10, 1462-1465 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: Lipid emulsions are commonly used for nutrition in critically ill patients. In these patients interventions resulting in deteriorated blood rheology and thereby an impaired microcirculation may be deleterious. This study examined the acute hemorrheological effects of the lipid emulsion Intralipid. We have recently shown that hyperinsulinemia exerts a negative effect on erythrocyte deformability, and here the effect of hyperinsulinemia combined with Intralipid was studied.
SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Eleven healthy subjects received Intralipid (200 mg/ml) intravenously as a bolus injection (0.5 ml/kg) over 10 min and thereafter as a continuous intravenous infusion (90 ml/h) for 4 h combined with heparin (200 U/h) to stimulate lipolysis. During the final 2 h an euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp was added. Five subjects underwent the same protocol with the exception that saline was given instead of Intralipid and heparin.
MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation tendency and fluidity were measured by rotational viscometry. Compared with basal and control values the Intralipid infusion caused greater erythrocyte fluidity (p < 0.05) and less aggregation tendency (p < 0.05). Whole blood and plasma viscosity remained unchanged. Hyperinsulinemia had no significant effect on the hemorrheological variables measured.
CONCLUSIONS: Intralipid has no deleterious effects on blood rheology in healthy subjects. Instead, it leads to improved erythrocyte aggregation tendency and fluidity. If the emulsion exerts the same effects in patients with impaired circulation, the use of Intralipid may be beneficial in these patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 26, no 10, 1462-1465 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-53558DOI: 10.10007/s001340000660PubMedID: 11126257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-53558DiVA: diva2:81468