Does hypertension or a previous myocardial infarction influence the bloodpressure and heart rate responses to changes in body position?: results from a study with serial measurements in the supine and standing positions in 60-year-old-men
2000 (English)In: Blood Pressure, ISSN 0803-7051, Vol. 9, no 6, 315-322 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An age-related attenuation of the normal increase in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate upon standing has previously been observed in man. Whether this is due to ageing as such, or a consequence of a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease in older compared to younger subjects, is unclear. This population-based study was conducted to address this question. It was carried out in three groups of 60-year-old men: (i) with hypertension (n = 75), (ii) with a previous myocardial infarction (n = 39), and (iii) without any of these diseases, thus constituting a control group (n = 41). Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed during three 7-min periods (supine-standing-supine), using an unbiased non-invasive method. The cardiovascular responses were both qualitatively and quantitatively similar in all three groups, i.e. the increases in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate upon standing, and decreases upon laying down, were of a similar magnitude. In conclusion, 60-year-old men with hypertension or a previous myocardial infarction had blood pressure and heart rate responses similar to those of men of the same age who did not have these diseases. This indicates that the attenuated response previously reported in older compared to younger people is not explained by the higher prevalence of these cardiovascular diseases in the elderly, but is merely an age-dependent characteristic.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 9, no 6, 315-322 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-53585PubMedID: 11212059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-53585DiVA: diva2:81495