Väst eller öst om Hajnallinjen?: Svenska och tornedalsfinska giftermålsmönster 1760–1799
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The purpose of this essay has been to test the validity of the established view of a different marriage pattern dividing Sweden and Finland during the early modern period, first laid out by John Hajnal in 1982. Apart from Hajnals theories on the Western European Marriage Pattern, the other theoretical approach has been an ecological hypothesis, maintained by Beatrice Moring and David Gaunt. This has been done by surveying the mean marriage age and family composition in four villages in the Kalix and Torne river valleys in the northern parts of Sweden by comparing household examination registers and parish records made during the four decades between 1760 and 1799.
While both the coastal parishes of Nedertorneå and Nederkalix displayed some characteristics typical of the Western European Marriage Pattern, the inland parishes of Övertorneå and Överkalix both showed presence of low female marriage age and multiple family household compositions, which was prevalent in all four parishes surveyed.
Since the cultural divide of the parishes did not show any significant correlation in household structure or age at marriage, these results seems to point towards the ecotype hypothesis, which surmised that family structure of the early modern communities of northern Sweden would be adapted to the surrounding economical and ecological circumstances rather than predetermined by cultural preferences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 38 p.
Sweden, Finland, marriage, early modern period, household, rural, ecotype, Western European marriage pattern
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-253649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-253649DiVA: diva2:815358