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Introduction of Autonomous Vehicles in the Swedish Traffic System: Effects and Changes Due to the New Self-Driving Car Technology
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Vehicles that are able to drive partly or fully without human interaction are called autonomous. Several companies work towards an implementation on the commercial market. This project studies autonomous vehicles through simulations of road capacity, emissions and fuel consumption together with discussions about the implementation in the Swedish context. Barriers seen as the most critical are technology, user acceptance and social factors and laws and regulations. Simulations of today’s conventional vehicle fleet are performed and compared to corresponding simulations with autonomous features included. A part of the Uppsala traffic network is simulated and key indicators average delay, average number of stops and average speed are studied. Simulation results for a high vehicle flow, corresponding to a maximum hour in the chosen network, show that the implementation will improve the road capacity parameters. Delay and number of stops decrease with 56 respectively 54 percent and speed increases with 34 percent, which are all desirable changes. Corresponding results for a low vehicle flow is a deterioration of delay and speed with 1.3 and 0.38 percent and an improvement of number of stops corresponding to 2.9 percent. Results for the low vehicle flow are not as distinct as for high flow and this pattern repeats in results from calculations for emission and fuel consumption. A workshop is held to discuss autonomous vehicle’s impact on the Swedish urban development. The participants of the workshop contributed with discussions about behavioral changes, conflicts of interest and laws and regulations in terms of autonomous vehicles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UPTEC STS, ISSN 1650-8319 ; 15009
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-253996OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-253996DiVA: diva2:816899
External cooperation
WSP Group
Educational program
Systems in Technology and Society Programme
Available from: 2015-06-04 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2015-06-04Bibliographically approved

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