Substituent and Solvent Effects on the UV–vis Absorption Spectrum of the Photoactive Yellow Protein Chromophore
2015 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 119, no 21, 5504-5514 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Solvent effects on the UV–vis absorption spectra and molecular properties of four models of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) chromophore have been studied with ASEP/MD, a sequential quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics method. The anionic trans-p-coumaric acid (pCA–), thioacid (pCTA–), methyl ester (pCMe–), and methyl thioester (pCTMe–) derivatives have been studied in gas phase and in water solution. We analyze the modifications introduced by the substitution of sulfur by oxygen atoms and hydrogen by methyl in the coumaryl tail. We have found some differences in the absorption spectra of oxy and thio derivatives that could shed light on the different photoisomerization paths followed by these compounds. In solution, the spectrum substantially changes with respect to that obtained in the gas phase. The n → π1* state is destabilized by a polar solvent like water, and it becomes the third excited state in solution displaying an important blue shift. Now, the π → π1* and π → π2* states mix, and we find contributions from both transitions in S1 and S2. The presence of the sulfur atom modulates the solvent effect and the first two excited states become practically degenerate for pCA– and pCMe– but moderately well-separated for pCTA– and pCTMe–.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 119, no 21, 5504-5514 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254253DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.5b01434ISI: 000355495100046PubMedID: 25910511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-254253DiVA: diva2:817716