uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Vad vuxna patienter minns från deras tid på en intensivvårdsavdelning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Patienter som vårdats inom intensivvården riskerar att drabbas av psykisk ohälsa. Minnen av hallucinationer och drömmar är en riskfaktor för att utveckla ångest, depression och PTSD. Många patienter upplever drömmar och hallucinationer under sin vårdtid. Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelse av minnen från intensivvårdsavdelningen och hur det påverkar deras välbefinnande. Metod: Litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats. Vetenskapliga studier söktes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl och granskades. Sexton kvalitativa studier ansågs relevanta som bedömdes och analyserades. Resultat: Analysen av studierna resulterade i fyra teman som resultatet presenteras i. I temat Att vara i en annan värld beskrivs patienters minnen kring drömmar, hallucinationer och den miljön de hamnat i. I temat Att vara fånge i sin egen kropp beskrivs minnen patienter hade av förlorad autonomi. I temat Delaktighet beskrivs patienters minnen av att vara och inte vara delaktiga och hur det påverkar dem. I temat Livet efter intensivvårdstiden beskriver patienter hur de minns tillbaka på den tid som varit och hur det påverkat dem idag. Slutsats: Patienters upplevelse av minnen kan komma att påverka deras välbefinnande. Obehagliga minnen som drömmar och hallucinationer samt upplevelsen av att inte vara delaktig riskerade att leda till försämrat välbefinnande i form av ångest, depression, sömnsvårigheter och känslan av förlorad autonomi. Positiva minnen innebar ett bättre välbefinnande då patienter upplevde en känsla av att återfå kontroll, att bli delaktig och förstå vad som hänt.

Abstract [en]

Background: Patients who have been treated in intensive care is at risk of getting mental illness. Memories of hallucinations and dreams are a risk factor for developing anxiety, depression and PTSD. Many patients experiencing dreams and hallucinations during their hospital stay. Objective: To describe patients' experiences of memories of intensive care and how it affects their well-being. Method: Literature study with qualitative approach. Scientific studies were searched in PubMed and Cinahl and were assessed. Sixteen qualitative studies were considered relevant which were audited and analyzed. Results: The analysis of the studies resulted in four themes that results are presented in. The theme will be in another world described patients' memories about dreams, hallucinations and the environment they are in. The theme of being a prisoner in your own body described memories patients had the loss of autonomy. The theme of Participation described patients' memories to be both involved and not to be involved and how it affected them. The theme of life after intensive care describing patients how they remember back to the time that was and how it affected them today. Conclusion: Patients' experience of memories may affect their welfare. Unpleasant memories of dreams and hallucinations as well as the experience of not being involved threatened to lead to poorer well-being in the form of anxiety, depression, insomnia and feeling of loss of autonomy. Positive memories meant a better well-being when patients experienced a sense of regaining control, to become involved and understand what happened.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Intensive Care Unit, memories, patient experiences, well-being
Keyword [sv]
Intensivvårdsavdelning, minnen, upplevelse, välbefinnande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-254290DiVA: diva2:817781
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot intensivvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-18 Created: 2015-06-06 Last updated: 2015-06-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences
Nursing

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 462 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf