Self-consumption enhancement of residential photovoltaics with battery storage and electric vehicles in communities
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the eceee 2015 Summer Study on energy efficiency, 1–6 June 2015, Presqu’île de Giens, Toulon/Hyères, France, 2015, 991-1002 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems have been dependent on supporting schemes to be competitive with conventional electricity generation. Selling prices of PV power production are now lower than buying prices in several countries, making it profitable to match generation with household consumption. Self-consumption, calculated as in situ instantaneous consumption of PV power production relative to total power production, can be used to improve the profitability with higher buying than selling prices of electricity. Another measure, self-sufficiency, similar to self-consumption but calculated relative to the yearly consumption, can also be used. Battery storage and electric vehicle (EV) home-charging are interesting alternatives to increase the self-consumption, since the PV power production can be stored for later use. This study uses high-resolution consumption data for 21 single-family houses in Sweden and irradiance data for the year 2008 to examine the potential for battery storage and EV home-charging for communities of single-family houses with PV systems. The aim is to compare how self-consumption and self-sufficiency are affected by individual power grid connections for all households versus one shared grid connection for the whole community. These scenarios are combined with battery storage and EV charging (individual versus centralized). It is found that total consumption profiles level out when several houses are connected together, the self-consumption increases from 52 to 71 % and the self-sufficiency from 12 to 17 %. The size of a centralized storage can be reduced compared to the aggregated size of storages in every house to reach the same level of self-consumption. The potential for EV charging is limited due to mismatch between irradiance and charging patterns. The extra revenue from increased self-consumption with battery storage is too low for all the cases to justify an investment in batteries since the prices are still too high. With dedicated support schemes, higher buying prices of electricity and cheaper battery, PV-battery systems can still be an interesting solution in countries with high solar irradiance throughout the year.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. 991-1002 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254455ISBN: 978-91-980482-6-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-254455DiVA: diva2:818303
eceee 2015 Summer Study on energy efficiency, 1–6 June 2015, Presqu’île de Giens, Toulon/Hyères, France
ProjectsSmåskalig solel i byggnader - kraft för förändring i energisystem och vardagslivet
FunderSwedish Energy Agency