Breastfeeding Patterns in Preterm Infants Born at 28-33 Gestational Weeks
2015 (English)In: Journal of Human Lactation, ISSN 0890-3344, E-ISSN 1552-5732, Vol. 31, no 3, 377-385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Studies of breastfeeding patterns during preterm infants' first year of life are scarce but are important for providing breastfeeding mothers of preterm infants with optimal support.
This study aimed to describe breastfeeding patterns in preterm infants up to 1 year of corrected age.
As part of a larger study on kangaroo mother care in Sweden, a 24-hour breastfeeding diary was sent home after discharge from hospital, and at 2, 6, and 12 months of the infant's corrected age. Eighty-three mothers responded to the follow-up questionnaires, and the number of respondents to the breastfeeding diary was 48 at discharge, 43 at 2 months, 22 at 6 months, and 8 at 12 months. Infants were born at a median (range) gestational age of 32 (28-33) weeks. Breastfeeding patterns were analyzed according to durations, frequencies per 24 hours, and intervals between sessions.
In exclusively breastfed infants, the median (range) breastfeeding session frequency was 14 (8-26) times per 24 hours including 4 (1-9) times per night after discharge (n = 24) and 10 (6-25) times per 24 hours including 2 (0-5) times per night at 2 months (n = 23). In partially breastfed infants, the median (range) frequency was 5 (1-14) times per 24 hours including 2 (0-4) times per night at 6 months (n = 20) and 5.5 (1-12) times per 24 hours including 2 (0-3) times per night at 12 months (n = 8).
Mothers reported large variations in breastfeeding patterns, with higher median breastfeeding session frequencies than previously described in term infants in affluent settings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 31, no 3, 377-385 p.
Clinical Medicine Pediatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254708DOI: 10.1177/0890334415586406ISI: 000358070300010PubMedID: 25956792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-254708DiVA: diva2:819336
This study was supported by grants from the Regional Research Council in the Uppsala-Orebro region, Uppsala County Council, and Uppsala University Funds.2015-06-102015-06-102015-08-24Bibliographically approved